Published by hazelnut
By hazelnut on 09-05-2009, 03:27 PM
The Native Roses of North America
Very rarely are native roses offered for sale as plants. One supplier is Wallace W. Hansen's Northwest Native Plants.
Native roses do not transplant readily, so it is not wise to dig up native roses from the wild. The rose is not likely to live under these circumstances, and you could be destroying the last of a rare or endangered species.
You could try growing the rose from a small cutting, if you can't find the plant commercially, but most varieties propagate readily from seed. The seeds are cold stratified, or wintersown. It may take up to two years to raise the seedling to a flowering plant so patience is required. Here is one method suggested by Albert Ford, editor, of the Maryland Rose Society newsletter. He places the seeds in film cannisters and refrigerates them for the required time, before planting in trays.
KEYS TO LINKS:
CNR. California Native Roses. Barbara Ertter. ucjeps.berkeley.edu
The Connecticut Botanical Society. ct-botanical-society.org.
HMF. Help Me Find My Rose helpmefind.com.
LBJWFC. Native Plant Database. Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center. The university of Texas at Austin. wildflower.org
USDA. NRCS. United States Department of Agriculture. National Resource Conservation Service. Plant Database. #HYPERLINK "http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ROSA5"# HYPERLINK "http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ROSA5"Plants.usda.gov ROSA 5
 Wild Ones. Wisconsin's Best Native Plants for Attracting Birds. for-wild.org
 Alaska promotional statement. (Rosa acicularis). http://www.alaska-in-pictures.com/prickly-rose-flowers-anchorage-alaska-8861-pictures.htm
 Barbara Ertter. 2001. Native California Roses. Prepared for the Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. ucjeps.berkeley.edu
 Joly, Simon and Ann Bruneau. 2007. Delimiting Species boundaries in Rosa Sect. Cinnamomeae (Rosaceae) in eastern North America. Systematic Botany. Vol 32, No. 4, Oct. 2007. Published by American Society of Plant Taxonomists. ingentaconnect.com.
 The University of Michigan Ethnobotany database. http://herb.umd.umich.edu/
 H. Lewis. 1958 (Printed 1959) The Southwestern Naturalist 3:145-153. A Monograph of the Genus Rosa In North America. II. R. Foliolosa.
 Rosa blanda 'Traverse' is commercially available from the Oikos Tree Company.
By hazelnut on 09-06-2009, 12:37 PM
The Native Roses of North America
According to Dr. Weil, specialist in alternative medicine, rose hips contain large amounts of vitamin C, and also vitamins A, B-3, D, E, flavinoids, bioflavinoids, citric acid, fructose, malic acid, tannins and zinc. In traditional medicine rose hips were used for treating diarrhea and infections, especially bladder infections.
This is Dr. Weil's own recipe for rose hip tea A Preferred Source of Vitamin C?
Dr Weil's recipe for rose hip tea:
"To make rose-hip tea, wash the hips well, chop them up, cover them with cold water, bring to a boil, cover and simmer for 30 minutes. Then, strain the tea and sweeten it if you like. "
Rose hips not only provide important nutrients for birds during the winter when there are few other sources of food, but they may have saved a nation. During World War II in England children were bused out to the hedgerows in the country to collect rose hips. According to my British friend, Kathy Bird, England is an island nation and during the German blockade we had nothing, she said. There were no oranges or any fruits that are normally imported from Europe and Spain, so we had to depend on what was available in our own country. The children were paid a small sum for the hips they collected. It was important that they knew they were making a contribution to the survival of the country. The hips were taken to the chemist in town, where they were made into syrup. Everybody used the syrup to keep them healthy.
Rosa carolina. Rose Hips.
Here is a collection of rose hip and rose petal recipes from sources on the internet.
ROSE HIP RECIPES
Lets begin with a recipe for rose beads made from rose petals. This recipe is from Native Alaskan Carol Eads. Used with permission. Thanks, Carol.
Rose Hip Recipes :
Rose Hip Tea
Rose Hip Syrup
Swedish Rose Hip Soup
Rose Hip Wine
Here is ethnobotantist, Kat Morgenstern's rose hip syrup recipe.
Sacred Earth - Foraging: Making Rosehip Syrup
Making rose hip syrup
Rose hips are used in ayurveda medicine. Here are ten examples.
10 Extraordinary Medicinal Uses for Rose Tea | HealthMad
A variety of uses for rose hips can be found here:
Cooking with Rose Hips - Rose Hips Recipes
How to Dry Rose Hips
Kodiak Rose Hip Tea
Rose Hip Apple Sauce
Rose Hip Candy
Rose Hip Crumble Pie
Rose Hip Jelly
Rose Hip Leather
Rose Hip Nut Bread
Rose Hip Pudding
Rose Hip Soup
Rose Hip Syrup
Debbie Jelen's rose hip recipes are at Fortune City.
Rose Water Toner for Dry Skin
Rose Petal Jam
Rose Hip Jelly
Here is Rosalee Dotson's rose hip syrup recipe.
Rose hip recipe: rose hip syrup
At HomesteadGarden - Growing and Harvesting Rose Hips there is a recipe for rose hip marmalade.
Rose hips have been used to make brandies and liquers. Here is a Danish recipe for Rose Hip Schnapps.
rose hip schnapps recipe
By milkweed on 09-09-2009, 04:36 PM
I have R. carolina, find find it easy to grow. Mine is under 3 years old and only a foot tall. It did bloom this year and produced hips. The flowers where a bright pink, but not shockingly so. The hips are turning a nice red color. I tried the hips. The hard seeds were the size of popcorn carnals and the fleshy part waxy. My son said it tasted bitter, I didn't notice a favor.
For humans, the best part of native roses is the fragrance.
I got mine from Prairie Moon Nursery.Prairie Moon Nursery :: Seeds :: Rosa carolina (Pasture Rose)
By hazelnut on 09-10-2009, 10:16 AM
NeBogger: Thanks for checking out my article. Most 'ditch' roses are in fact escaped European roses. Some are used for grafting hybrid teas because the H.Ts do not have vigorous roots. When the grafts fail the root develops and spreads. Many roses around old house sites are these failed graft roses. Some European roses were so prolific and introduced early that the Indians adopted them as their own - like the Cherokee roses in the South. Some natives are nearly extinct from being displaced by these introduced roses gone wild. And some are gone forever.
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