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Old 01-01-2010, 02:34 PM   #1
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ferns Plants for hedgerows

I think it would be great for WG to have a working list of plants that will work well in hedgerows, from all over North America. I have compiled a list for my region that is mostly from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's booklet Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping, Chesapeake Bay Watershed. I base many of my planting choices on the listings in this booklet. I will post the list next (those that are asterisked are plants that I have; my brag list ).

I would love to know what others are using in a hedgerow, so let us know what you are growing! Also, if you know of plants that would work well in a hedgerow (even if you are not growing them yourself), would you please consider listing them here? Please also include the region to which the plants are native, if you can. Any comments as to why a plant has been recommended would be most welcome.

NB: The booklet noted above is an outstanding resource for people living in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, which includes areas in Maryland, Virginia, Delaware, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and New York State. It can be downloaded here: Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed If you are looking for a hard copy, there does not seem to be a way to order it but I have seen it for sale at native plant sales and native plant society events. I picked my copy up at some sort of event like that. I refer to it constantly, and it looks it (a little lop-sided, like a one-eyed teddy bear).
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Old 01-01-2010, 02:38 PM   #2
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Default Mid-Atlantic hedgerow plants

Shrubs suitable for hedgerows, Mid-Atlantic
Alnus serrulata (smooth or hazel alder)
Aralia spinosa (Devilís walking stick)
Baccharis halimifolia (groundsel tree)*
Callicarpa americana (American beautyberry)
Ceonothus americana (New Jersey tea)*
Cephalanthus occidentalis (buttonbush)
Clethra alnifolia (summersweet)*
Comptonia peregrine (sweetfern)
Cornus amomum (silky dogwood)*
Cornus racemosa (gray dogwood)*
Corylus americana (American hazelnut or filbert)*
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry)
Gaylussacia frondosa (dangleberry)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Hypericum densiflorum (St. Johnís wort)
Ilex glabra (inkberry)*
Ilex laevigata (smooth winterberry)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry)*
Itea virginica (tassel-white or Virginia sweetspire)
Kalmia angustifolia (sheep laurel or lambkill)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Leucothoe racemosa (fetterbush or sweetbells)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)*
Lyonia ligustrina (male-bush)
Lyonia mariana (staggerbush)
Morella caroliniensis (southern or swamp bayberry)
Morella cerifera (wax myrtle or southern bayberry)*
Morella pennsylvanica (northern bayberry or candleberry)
Photinia melanocarpa (black chokeberry)
Photinia pyrifolia (red chokeberry)*
Physocarpus opulifoius (ninebark)*
Prunus maritime (beach plum)
Rhododendron sp. (several)
Rhus aromatica (fragrant sumac)
Rhus copallina (shining, winged, or dwarf sumac)
Rhus glabra (sweet or smooth sumac)*
Rhus hirta (staghorn sumac)*
Ribes rotundifolium (Appalachian or eastern gooseberry)
Rosa Carolina (pasture rose)
Rosa palustris (swamp rose)
Rosa virginiana (Virginia rose)*
Rubus allegheniensis (Allegheny blackberry)
Salix humilis (prairie willow)
Sambucus nigra (common elderberry or American elder)
Sambucus racemosa (red elderberry or scarlet elder)
Spirea alba (meadowsweet)
Spirea tomentosa (steeplebush or hardback spirea)
Staphylea trifolia (American bladdernut)
Vaccinium sp. *
Viburnum acerfolium (maple-leaved arrowwood)
Viburnum dentatum (southern arrowwood)*
Viburnum nudum cassinoides (withered)
Viburnum nudum (naked withered or possumhaw viburnum)*
Viburnum prunifolium (black haw)*

Trees suitable for a hedgerow, Mid-Atlantic
Amelanchier arborea (downy serviceberry or shadbush)
Amelanchier Canadensis (serviceberry, shadbush or shadblow)*
Asimina triloba (paw-paw)
Carpinus caroliniana (American hornbeam, musclewood or ironwood)
Castanea pumila (chinquapin, eastern or Allegheny chinkapin)
Cercis Canadensis (redbud)
Chionanthus virginicus (fringetree)*
Cornus alternifolia (alternate-leaf or pagoda dogwood)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Crataegus crus-galli (cockspur hawthorn)*
Crataegus viridis (southern thorn or green hawthorn)
Ilex opaca (American holly)
Magnolia virginiana (sweetbay magnolia)
Malus coronoria (sweet or American crabapple)
Morus rubra (red mulberry)
Ostyra virginiana (eastern hop hornbeam or ironwood)*
Prunus Americana (American wild plum)
Prunus pennsylvanica (pincherry or fire cherry)
Prunus serotina (black or wild cherry)*
Prunus virginiana (chokecherry)
Quercus ilicifolia (bear or scrub oak)*
Salix sericea (silky willow)

Vines suitable for a hedgerow, Mid-Atlantic
Bignonia capreolata (crossvine)
Campsis radicans (trumpet vine or trumpet creeper)
Celastrus scandens (American bittersweet)
Lonerica sempervirens (trumpet or coral honeysuckle)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)*
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Old 01-01-2010, 02:39 PM   #3
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ohhhhh, so you mean plants to grow in hedgerows - not plants on Hedgerowe's Wish List!
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Old 01-01-2010, 02:51 PM   #4
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There's a difference?
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Old 01-02-2010, 11:17 AM   #5
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Hedgerowe on hedgerows! Cool!

Thanks for a GREAT list. Being that I'm in a Mid-Atlantic state the list should be a perfect fit.

Thanks for compiling (or copying) the list for us. You've saved me some time, but now I have to research those that I am not familar with. ...And, now I'll have a bigger wish list of plants to add!

David
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Old 01-02-2010, 11:26 AM   #6
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Dapjwy, what sorts of conditions do you have for your hedgerow?
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Old 01-02-2010, 11:28 AM   #7
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I can't build a hedgerow in my current home because of restrictions in the subdivision... BUT....
Thinking ahead for our retirement years......We bought a smaller two bedroom, 3 1/2 car garage, ranch style home without stairs.
It has a beautiful fireplace and a 3 season room that could easily be converted into a great plant room where we can sit and view the backyard.
I love the feeling of being surrounded by nature so I have already gotten the base plantings established as such.....

I have planted A hedgerow of various conifers along the southern and western edges.
Paying attention to the power lines, shorter species of juniper will fill in UNDER them.
Located on the east side is a row of huge pine trees that have filled in on the neighbors property.
Should they or future owners ever cut them down I'd be left wide open so I have scattered a few cedars on my side to fill in for the time being.
Notice I have said scattered as they look more natural ....

I will be adding as many berry and fruit producers as space allows in front of those for the little critters .....
I would like to include sumac, sweet fern, choke cherry, gooseberry, black berry, mulberry, plum, and cherry.

A small pond will be dug near the plant room to provide us with an internal view of the koi and away from the falling leaves!
Previous to moving in I'll be dividing and moving existing perennials to tie it all together in our zone 4 environment.
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Old 01-02-2010, 11:37 AM   #8
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Great article Hedgerowe!
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Old 01-02-2010, 11:45 AM   #9
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Wow! Sounds great!

I love that you say 'scattered'; I've always hated the straight line of evenly spaced 'soldiers' that many people seem to plant. I love the natural look.

I'd love to see pictures.
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Old 01-02-2010, 11:49 AM   #10
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Thanks, BooBoo! Actually, the article is here: The Essential Hedgerow. This is sort of an addendum to it, which someone wisely suggested to me (thanks, wise BooBoo)!

Havalotta, I think your hedgerow sounds great so far. You will have a cozy, sheltered microclimate with all of your evergreens and you will be putting in plenty of fruiting plants, it sounds like. And the pond nearby will provide those critters with plenty of water. A pond (or large, vernal puddle perhaps) is something that I would like to do at some point. The blackberry thorns will provide good protection for those critters, too! Can you grow wild rose where you are?
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american bittersweet, american wild plum, asimina triloba, bayberry, black berry, celastrus scandens, cherry, choke cherry, gooseberry, hazelnut, hedgerow, hedgerows, huckleberry, mulberry, native plants, paw paw, paw-paw, pawpaw, plants, plants for hedgerows, plum, prunus americana, sumac, sweet fern, viburnum

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