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Old 07-09-2009, 11:56 AM   #1
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Default Latin plant names and what they mean

acerifolius- maple leaved
acaulis = stemless
aestivalis = flowering in spring
alatus-winged
alba = white
alpestris = from mountains
alpicola = from mountains
alpina = from the alps
alternifolius-alternate leaved
altissima = tallest
america = from America
angustifolia = narrow-leaved
annua = annual
-antha = -flowered (e.g. micrantha = small-flowered)
apetalus-without petals
arborescenens-tree like
arboricola = living on trees
arctica = from the arctic
arenaria = from sandy places
argentea = silvery
armata = prickly
arvensis = of the field
aurantiaca = orange
aurea = golden, yellow
australis = from the south (not necessarily Australia)
autumnalis = of autumn
azurea = blue
barbata = bearded, hairy
bellidifolia = with leaves like those of a daisy
bicolor-two colored
biennis-biennial
borealis = from the north
brevis-northern
bulbifera = bearing bulbs
caerulea = blue
caespitosa = dense
caespitosus-tufted
calcareus-chalky, limy
campanulata = campanulate, like a bell
campestris = of the field
canadensis = from Canada
canescens-grayish, becoming gray
capensis = from the Cape, South Africa
cardinalis- cardinal red
chilensis = from Chile
chrysantha = yellow
ciliatus-like an eyelash
clavatus-club shaped
clivora = from the hills
coccinea = red
communis-growing in common
compacta = compact
concolor-uniform in color
decidua = deciduous
densiflora = dense-flowered
digitata = (leaves) like a hand, with five lobes
edulis = edible
esculenta = edible
farinosa = floury, powdery
ficifolia = like a fig leaf
flava = yellow
-flora = -flowered (e.g. viridiflora = green-flowered)
flore plena = with double flowers
florida = floriferous
foetida = with an unpleasant smell
-folia = -leaved (e.g. tenuifolia = narrow-leaved)
foliosa = leafy
fruticosa = shrubby
gigantea = giant
glabra = smooth
glacialis = from cold areas
glutinosa = sticky
graeca = from Greece
graminifolia = with grassy leaves
grandiflora = large-flowered
grandis = big
helvetica = from Switzerland
hirsuta = hairy
hispida = bristly
humilis = short
hyemalis = of winter
incana = grey
inodora = unscented
integrifolia = entire, undivided (leaves)
japonica = from Japan
lanata = woolly
lanceolata = lance-shaped (leaves)
latifolia = wide-leaved
longiflora = with long flowers
longifolia = with long leaves
lutea = yellow
macrantha = large flowered
macro- = large- (e.g. macrorhiza = large-rooted)
macrocarpa = large-fruited
macrophylla = with large leaves
macrorrhiza = with large roots
maculata = spotted
magellanica = from the south of South America
magenta = magenta
magna = big
majus = bigger
maritima = maritime, near the sea
maxima = biggest
mexicana = from Mexico
micrantha = small flowered
microphylla = with small leaves
millefolia = with many (thousands of) leaves
minima = small
minor = smaller
montana = from mountains
multiflora = many flowered
muralis = growing on walls
nana = small
nocturna = nocturnal
ochroleuca = cream
odorata = perfumed
officinalis = with herbal uses
ovalifolia = with oval leaves
pallida = cream
palustris = from marshes
parvi- = small- (e.g. parivflora = small-flowered)
parviflora = small flowered
parvifolia = with small leaves
pauci- = few- (e.g. pauciflora =few-flowered)
pauciflora = few-flowered
paucifolia = with few leaves
pendula = hanging
perennis = perennial
phoenicea = purple
-phylla = -leaved (e.g. macrophylla = large-leaved)
pinnata = with pinnate leaves
poly- = many (e.g polyantha = many-flowered)
polyphylla = with many leaves, leafy
praecox = early, of spring
pratensis = field
procumbens = creeping
prostrata = prostrate
pulverulenta = dusty
pumila = small
punica = red
purpurea = deep pink
pygmaea = small
quercifolia = oak=leaved
rediviva = perennial
rivalis = from near rivers
rivularis = from near rivers
rosea = rose pink
rotundifolia = round-leaved
rubra = red
rupestris = of hills
rupicola = of hills
russica = from Russia
sanguinea = blood-red
sativa = cultivated
saxatilis = of rocks
scaber = climbing
scandens = climbing
semperviva = perennial
sibirica = from Siberia
sinense = from China
somnifera = inducing sleep
spicata = spiked
spinosa = spiny
stellata = starry
sulphurea = yellow
sylvestris = of woods
tenuifolia = with thin, narrow leaves
texensis = from Texas
tomentosa = tomentose, woolly
trifoliata = trifoliate, with three-lobed leaves
umbellata = unbellate, with flowers in an umbel
velutina = velvety
vernalis = of spring
villosa = hairy
violacea = violet
viridis = green
viscosa = sticky
vitifolia = with leaves like a vine
volubilis = twining
vulgaris = common
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Old 07-09-2009, 01:20 PM   #2
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Nice list Milkweed - Thanks for all the work!
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Old 06-17-2010, 01:27 PM   #3
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Really nice list!
Latin plant names and what they mean-dscf6612.jpg
Gee... And here I thought I had all the basics covered in a nutshell.
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Old 06-17-2010, 02:00 PM   #4
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Very handy. Thanks, Milkweed!

Back in the old days we actually had to take latin in school--which was supposed to help us understand scientific terminology. This list would do as well! (And it would save all the brain cells I lost due to storing useless information.) I did enjoy having the teacher read to us in latin though. It is a very melodious language.
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Old 06-18-2010, 09:44 PM   #5
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Cool!
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Old 06-18-2010, 09:51 PM   #6
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Thanks for that great list. Lots of great info in that string of Latin words!
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Old 06-18-2010, 10:07 PM   #7
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Thanks for the great list of Latin! I am going to copy/paste it into Word right now so I can have it as a reference sheet. Thank you for sharing!
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Old 06-19-2010, 11:05 AM   #8
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I did the same thing!
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Old 06-19-2010, 01:10 PM   #9
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Another helpful word that can be added to the list is perfoliata (through the leaf):
PLANTS Profile for Uvularia perfoliata (perfoliate bellwort) | USDA PLANTS
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Old 06-19-2010, 01:20 PM   #10
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Cirsium View Post
Another helpful word that can be added to the list is perfoliata (through the leaf):
PLANTS Profile for Uvularia perfoliata (perfoliate bellwort) | USDA PLANTS
As with Boneset -Eupatorium perfoliatum.
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