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Old 05-24-2009, 03:58 PM   #1
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Default Honeybee Numbers Expand Worldwide as U.S. Decline Continues

Growth Industry: Honeybee Numbers Expand Worldwide as U.S. Decline Continues
Despite serious losses to colonies in the U.S. and Europe, honeybees are on the rise in other parts of the world--although hardly keeping pace with growing demand
By Katherine Harmon
May 18, 2009

Growth Industry: Honeybee Numbers Expand Worldwide as U.S. Decline Continues: Scientific American
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As the mysterious collapse disorder continues to claim hives by the hundreds—threatening, in particular, the almond industry—more attention is being paid other pollinators, including other types of bees such as solitary bees and feral honeybees.

Aizen explains that although "honeybees are the most frequent pollinator, they're not necessarily the most efficient." He points to the proficiency of local pollinators, such as bumblebees, to take care of crops such as squash and cucumber.

Paradoxically, as more land around the globe is put to agricultural use for pollination-dependent crops, indigenous bee species get crowded out. And as the native pollinators go, so, too, might some local floras that need specialized pollination, the study authors note.
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Old 05-24-2009, 08:01 PM   #2
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Think it could be because all throughout the European Union they banned GMO's, RoundUp, and a few other pesticides we still have on the shelves in the US...
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Old 05-27-2009, 06:46 AM   #3
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Honeybee Disappearance Threatens Food Crops: 5 Ways to Help - Gaiam Life
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Sudden and widespread bee deaths were first reported last November, and add up to a quarter of the U.S. bee population. Large commercial beekeepers are hurt worst, some losing 70 percent of their hives. Scientists are puzzled by how the dead adult bees vanish from the hives, leaving behind the queen and baby bees. They also note that while bees instinctually rob honey from other hives, healthy bees are avoiding CCD-affected hives — suggesting that those hives may be contaminated somehow.

“To my knowledge, nobody has ever seen this particular set of symptoms or circumstances before,” says Troy Fore, president of the American Beekeeping Federation. Academics point to poor nutrition, pathogens and new pesticides, or combinations of pesticides, as potential causes.

Here are some suggestions about how you can help.
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Old 05-27-2009, 06:57 AM   #4
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Mysterious Honeybee Disappearance Linked to Rare Virus: Scientific American

A virus has been implicated in colony collapse disorder.

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We haven't proven this is the cause. It is a candidate for being a trigger for CCD," says W. Ian Lipkin, director of the center for infection and immunology at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, one of the study's lead members.
The disorder may also result from a combination of poor nutrition, pesticides and other factors, including infection, Lipkin and his colleagues say. They add that time-consuming tests are needed to determine whether IAPV can trigger CCD alone or in concert with other stressors, or whether certain combinations of stressors instead make hives vulnerable to the virus.
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Old 05-27-2009, 09:28 AM   #5
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Imidacloprid effects on bee population - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Old 05-27-2009, 12:56 PM   #6
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Still no "proof" that pesticides "cause" CCD - Colony Colapse Disorder.
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Old 05-28-2009, 07:46 PM   #7
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Default Britain's Largest Farming Co-Op Bans Eight Pesticides Responsible for Honeybee Colony Collapse

Britain's Largest Farming Co-Op Bans Eight Pesticides Responsible for Honeybee Colony Collapse
By Mike Adams, January 28, 2009

Britain's Largest Farming Co-Op Bans Eight Pesticides Responsible for Honeybee Colony Collapse by Mike Adams the Health Ranger
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In an act of great courage, one of the co-op's chief decision makers, Paul Monaghan, accused the UK government of failing to recognize that pesticides may be causing the collapse of honeybee populations. In fact, the UK government has fought against honeybee protection measures, says Elliott Carnell of Pesticide Action Network Europe, arguing that banning pesticides would reduce crop yields.

You have to wonder what's going through these people's heads, huh? If they're worried about crop yields, then obviously letting all the honeybees die would be devastating to the crops, but both the UK and US governments seem determined to let that happen.

Sadly, short-term thinking dominates the consciousness of the human species. To squeeze an extra 10% yield out of the crops today, these government "exerts" will threaten the survival of the very species of insects we all desperately need to pollinate crops for the next thousand years (and beyond).
Pesticides will not ultimately be determined to be solely responsible for colony collapse disorder therefore a more appropriate choice of words would have been contributing to colony collapse disorder.
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Old 05-28-2009, 07:58 PM   #8
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Default Still waiting for those records

Lawsuit seeks EPA pesticide data
Jane Kay, Chronicle Environment Writer
Tuesday, August 19, 2008

Lawsuit seeks EPA pesticide data
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The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is refusing to disclose records about a new class of pesticides that could be playing a role in the disappearance of millions of honeybees in the United States, a lawsuit filed Monday charges.

The Natural Resources Defense Council wants to see the studies that the EPA required when it approved a pesticide made by Bayer CropScience five years ago.

The environmental group filed the suit as part of an effort to find out how diligently the EPA is protecting honeybees from dangerous pesticides, said Aaron Colangelo, a lawyer for the group in Washington.

In the last two years, beekeepers have reported unexplained losses of hives - 30 percent and upward - leading to a phenomenon called colony collapse disorder. Scientists believe that the decline in bees is linked to an onslaught of pesticides, mites, parasites and viruses, as well as a loss of habitat and food.
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Old 05-28-2009, 07:59 PM   #9
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http://maarec.cas.psu.edu/pressReleases/FallDwindleUpdate0107.pdf
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The neonicotinioids, for example imidacloprid, are a rather new class of pesticides. There have been new chemicals of this sort introduced over the past few years (clothianiden and thiamethoxam). There is conflicting information about their effect on honey bees, however the EPA identifies these chemicals as highly toxic to honey bees. Some researchers..were looking for mortality and not chronic or behavioral effect. In addition, a study in NC found that some of these neonictinoids in combination with certain fungicides, synergized to increase the toxicity of the neonicotinoid over 1,000 fold in lab studies. Both the neonicotinoids and the fungicides (Terraguard and Procure) are used widely. Recent research tested crops where seed was treated with imidacloprid. The chemical was present, by systemic uptake, in corn, sunflowers and rape pollen in levels high enough to pose a threat to honey bees. Additional research has found that imidacloprid impairs the memory and brain metabolism of bees, particularly the area of the brain that is used for making new memories.
http://www.epa.gov/opprd001/factsheets/clothianidin.pdf
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Available data indicate that clothianidin on corn and canola should result in minimal acute toxic risk to birds. However, assessments show that exposure to treated seeds through ingestion may result in chronic toxic risk to non-endangered and endangered small birds (e.g., songbirds) and acute/chronic toxicity risk to non-endangered and endangered mammals. Clothianidin has the potential for toxic chronic exposure to honey bees, as well as other nontarget pollinators, through the translocation of clothianidin residues in nectar and pollen..In honey bees, the effects of this toxic chronic exposure may include lethal and/or sub-lethal effects in the larvae and reproductive effects in the queen.
world news
Another point of view.
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