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Old 12-07-2009, 05:53 PM   #1
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bookwithbutterfly The Data-Sharing Toolbox

The Data-Sharing Toolbox
By Falk Huettmann, Ph.D., and Zachary Meyers

http://joomla.wildlife.org/documents...ng_Toolbox.pdf
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Open Sesame

The critical need to share and manage biodiversity knowledge gained global attention in the early 90s which led to the formation of the Convention on Biological Diversity. This treaty was designed to encourage the gathering, management, and open sharing of biodiversity data. Over time, signatories to the treaty saw the need for a mechanism that would allow access to a comprehensive inventory of biodiversity data, with information on subjects that could be as broad as the migration patterns of bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) or as localized as
population shifts of the American pika (Ochotona princeps) on a particular mountaintop.

Then, in 2001, the Open Society Institute launched the Budapest Open Access Initiative—the first and foremost international statement calling for open access to all academic research and information. That same year, a working group of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development requested the formation of a system that would make primary biodiversity data available and accessible anywhere in the world via the Internet. To that end, a partnership of countries and international organizations launched the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), a free and openly accessible infrastructure that has grown to include 50 member countries and 40 international organizations. To date, GBIF provides access to more than 181 million primary biodiversity records residing in over 8,000 datasets stored in approximately 294 institutions around the world.
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