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Old 03-23-2010, 07:02 PM   #51
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Drum roll please. The final list: butterflies and their host plats

Silver-spotted Skipper (Epargyreus clarus)
Desmodium canadense – showy ticktrefoil
Gleditsia triacanthos – honeylocust
Lespedeza capitata – roundhead lespedeza
Senna hebecarpa – American senna
Wisteria frutescens – American wisteria

Long-tailed Skipper (Urbanus proteus)
Bidens aristosa - bearded beggarticks
Desmodium canadense – showy ticktrefoil
Wisteria frutescens – American wisteria

Hoary Edge (Achalarus lyciades)
Baptisia australis – blue wild indigo
Bidens aristosa - bearded beggarticks
Desmodium canadense – showy ticktrefoil
Lespedeza capitata – roundhead lespedeza

Northern Cloudywing (Thorybes pylades)
Bidens aristosa - bearded beggarticks
Desmodium canadense – showy ticktrefoil
Lespedeza capitata – roundhead lespedeza

Southern Cloudywing (Thorybes bathyllus)
Desmodium canadense – showy ticktrefoil
Lespedeza capitata – roundhead lespedeza

Wild Indigo Duskywing (Erynnis baptisiae)
Aquilegia canadensis – red columbine
Baptisia australis – blue wild indigo

Columbine Duskywing (Erynnis lucilius)
Aquilegia canadensis – red columbine

Swarthy Skipper (Nastra lherminier)
Andropogon gerardii – big bluestem
Sorghastrum nutans – Indiangrass

Leonard's Skipper (Hesperia leonardus)
Agrostis hyemalis – winter bentgrass
Panicum virgatum – switchgrass

Sachem (Atalopedes campestris)
Poa palustris – fowl bluegrass

Peck's Skipper (Polites peckius)
Leersia lenticularis – catchfly grass
Poa palustris – fowl bluegrass

Tawny-edged Skipper (Polites themistocles)
Panicum virgatum – switchgrass
Poa palustris – fowl bluegrass

Crossline Skipper (Polites origenes)
Andropogon gerardii – big bluestem
Tridens flavus – purpletop tridens

Northern Broken-Dash (Wallengrenia egeremet)
Panicum virgatum – switchgrass

Little Glassywing (Pompeius verna)
Tridens flavus – purpletop tridens

Delaware Skipper (Anatrytone logan) (Atrytone delaware) (Atrytone logan)
Andropogon gerardii – big bluestem
Panicum virgatum – switchgrass

Hobomok Skipper (Poanes hobomok)
Panicum virgatum – switchgrass
Poa palustris – fowl bluegrass
Tridens flavus – purpletop tridens

Zabulon Skipper (Poanes zabulon)
Agrostis hyemalis – winter bentgrass
Elymus canadensis – Canada wildrye
Elymus virginicus – Virginia wildrye
Poa palustris – fowl bluegrass
Tridens flavus – purpletop tridens

Dion Skipper (Euphyes dion)
Carex lacustris – hairy sedge
Scirpus cyperinus – woolgrass

Dun Skipper (Euphyes vestris)
Carex stricta – upright sedge

Dusted Skipper (Atrytonopsis hianna)
Andropogon gerardii – big bluestem
Sorghastrum nutans – Indiangrass

Pipevine Swallowtail (Battus philenor)
Aristolochia tomentosa Sims – woolly Dutchman's pipe

Black Swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes)
Taenidia integerrima – yellow pimpernel
Thaspium trifoliatum – purple meadow parsnip
Zizia aptera – meadow zizia, heart-leaved golden alexander
Zizia aurea – golden zizia, golden alexander

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)
Many varieties of native trees and shrubs including:
Acer species - maple
Crataegus species - hawthorn
Malus coronaria – sweet crab apple

Spicebush Swallowtail (Papilio troilus)
Cercis canadensis var. canadensis – eastern redbud

Orange Sulphur (Colias eurytheme)
Baptisia australis – blue wild indigo
Lespedeza capitata – roundhead lespedeza
Senna hebecarpa – American senna

Southern Dogface (Zerene cesonia)
Dalea purpurea – purple prairie clover

Cloudless Sulphur (Phoebis sennae)
Senna hebecarpa – American senna

Orange-barred Sulphur (Phoebis philea)
Senna hebecarpa – American senna

Little Yellow (Pyrisitia lisa) (Eurema lisa)
Desmanthus illinoensis – Illinois bundleflower
Senna hebecarpa – American senna

Sleepy Orange (Abaeis nicippe) (Eurema nicippe)
Senna hebecarpa – American senna

Dainty Sulphur (Nathalis iole)
Bidens aristosa – bearded beggartick
Galium boreale – northern bedstraw

Bronze Copper (Lycaena hyllus)
Rumex altissimus – pale dock

Henry's Elfin (Callophrys henrici) (Incisalia henrici)
Cercis canadensis var. canadensis – eastern redbud
Ilex verticillata – common winterberry

Striped Hairstreak (Satyrium liparops)
Amelanchier arborea – common serviceberry
Crataegus species - hawthorn
Malus coronaria – sweet crab apple

Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus)
Crataegus species - hawthorn
Desmodium species
Humulus lupulus var. lupuloides – common hop
Humulus lupulus var. pubescens – common hop
Lespedeza capitata – roundhead lespedeza
Malus coronaria – sweet crab apple

Eastern Tailed-Blue (Cupido comyntas) (Everes comyntas)
Desmodium species (see Silver-spotted Skipper
Lespedeza capitata – roundhead lespedeza

Spring Azure (Celastrina "ladon") (C. ladon ladon) (C. ladon lucia)
Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood
Lonicera sempervirens – trumpet honeysuckle

Summer Azure (Celastrina neglecta)
Agastache nepetoides – yellow giant hyssop
Agastache scrophulariifolia – purple giant hyssop
Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood
Eupatorium purpureum – sweetscented joe pye weed
Humulus lupulus var. lupuloides – common hop
Humulus lupulus var. pubescens – common hop

Monarch (Danaus plexippus)
Asclepias incarnata – swamp milkweed
Asclepias syriaca – common milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa – butterfly milkweed

Queen (Danaus gilippus)
Asclepias incarnata – swamp milkweed
Asclepias syriaca – common milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa – butterfly milkweed

Variegated Fritillary (Euptoieta claudia)
Viola species

Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele)
Viola species

Regal Fritillary (Speyeria idalia)
Viola species

Atlantis Fritillary (Speyeria atlantis)
Viola species

Silver-bordered Fritillary (Boloria selene)
Viola species

Meadow Fritillary (Boloria bellona)
Viola species

Silvery Checkerspot (Chlosyne nycteis)
Helianthus annuus – common sunflower
Helianthus grosseserratus – sawtooth sunflower
Helianthus tuberosus – Jerusalem artichoke
Rudbeckia fulgida – orange coneflower
Rudbeckia hirta – blackeyed Susan
Rudbeckia subtomentosa – sweet coneflower
Solidago species
Verbesina helianthoides – crownbeard

Harris' Checkerspot (Chlosyne harrisii)
Solidago species
Verbesina helianthoides – crownbeard

Pearl Crescent (Phyciodes tharos)
Erigeron annuus – eastern daisy fleabane
Erigeron philadelphicus – Philadelphia fleabane
Verbesina helianthoides – crownbeard

Baltimore (Euphydryas phaeton)
Chelone glabra – white turtlehead
Lonicera sempervirens – trumpet honeysuckle
Mimulus ringens – Allegheny monkeyflower
Penstemon calycosus – longsepal beardtongue
Penstemon digitalis – talus slope penstemon
Solidago species
Verbesina helianthoides – gravelweed
Wisteria frutescens – American wisteria

Common Buckeye (Junonia coenia)
Mimulus ringens – Allegheny monkeyflower
Penstemon calycosus – longsepal beardtongue
Penstemon digitalis – talus slope penstemon
Penstemon hirsutus – hairy beardtongue

Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta)
Humulus lupulus var. lupuloides – common hop
Humulus lupulus var. pubescens – common hop

Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui)
Helianthus annuus – common sunflower
Helianthus grosseserratus – sawtooth sunflower
Helianthus tuberosus – Jerusalem artichoke

Northern Pearly Eye (Enodia anthedon)
Elymus canadensis – Canada wildrye
Elymus virginicus – Virginia wildrye
Leersia lenticularis – catchfly grass
Panicum virgatum – switchgrass

Eyed Brown (Satyrodes eurydice)
Carex stricta – upright sedge
Carex lupulina – hop sedge
Scirpus cyperinus – woolgrass

Common Wood Nymph (Cercyonis pegala)
Andropogon gerardii – big bluestem
Tridens flavus – purpletop tridens

Io moth (Automeris io)
Ilex verticillata – common winterberry
Lespedeza capitata – roundhead lespedeza
Malus coronaria – sweet crab apple
Wisteria frutescens – American wisteria

Polyphemus moth (Antheraea polyphemus)
Acer species - maple
Amelanchier arborea – common serviceberry
Baptisia australis – blue wild indigo
Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood

Waved sphinx (Ceratomia undulosa)
Campsis radicans – trumpet creeper
Crataegus species - hawthorn

Hermit sphinx (Sphinx eremitus)
Mentha arvensis – wild mint 2ft JAS wht
Monarda fistulosa – wild bergamot 4ft JAS purple
Pycnanthemum virginianum – Virginia mountainmint 3ft JJAS wht
Saliva azurea – azure blue sage 3ft AS blue

Snowberry clearwing (Hemaris diffinis)
Lonicera sempervirens – trumpet honeysuckle

Hummingbird clearwing (Hemaris thysbe)
Crataegus species - hawthorn
Lonicera sempervirens – trumpet honeysuckle
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Old 03-23-2010, 07:05 PM   #52
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Is your garden big enough?
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Old 03-23-2010, 07:18 PM   #53
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This is the short list. Lots of plants are host for many butterflies. These are the plants I would like to put into the butterfly garden.

Agastache scrophulariifolia – purple giant hyssop
Asclepias incarnata & A. syriaca – milkweed
Bidens aristosa - bearded beggartick
Desmanthus illinoensis – Illinois bundleflower
Desmodium canadense – showy ticktrefoil
Dalea purpurea – purple prairie clover
Erigeron annuus or E. philadelphicus – fleabane
Eupatorium purpureum – sweetscented joe pye weed
Galium boreale – northern bedstraw
Helianthus annuus & H. tuberosus – sunflower
Humulus lupulus var. lupuloides or H lupulus var. pubescens – common hop
Lespedeza capitata – roundhead lespedeza
Mentha arvensis – wild mint
Monarda fistulosa – wild bergamot
Penstemon digitalis & P. hirsutus – beardtongue
Pycnanthemum virginianum – Virginia mountainmint
Rudbeckia subtomentosa – sweet coneflower
Rumex altissimus – pale dock
Saliva azurea – azure blue sage
Senna hebecarpa – American senna
Taenidia integerrima – yellow pimpernel
Thaspium trifoliatum – purple meadow parsnip
Solidago species - goldenrod
Verbesina helianthoides – crownbeard
Zizia aurea – golden zizia, golden alexander

Agrostis hyemalis – winter bentgrass 1ft
Andropogon gerardii – big bluestem 7ft
Carex lacustris & C. stricta – sedge 3ft wm
Elymus canadensis – Canada wildrye 4ft
Leersia lenticularis – catchfly grass 3ft
Panicum virgatum – switchgrass 4ft
Poa palustris – fowl bluegrass 2ft
Scirpus cyperinus – woolgrass 5ft wm
Sorghastrum nutans – Indiangrass 6ft
Tridens flavus – purpletop tridens 4ft
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Old 03-23-2010, 09:07 PM   #54
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Wow, that should be a fascinating butterfly garden! You'll get to see lots of different butterflies when they come to lay their eggs, lots of different caterpillars, and a wide array of chrysalis forms.

Knowing which plants host which butterflies should be a big help in zeroing in on an ID too. Don't forget to label any plants that are new to you.
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Old 03-23-2010, 11:02 PM   #55
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Way to go milkweed!!! You're gonna get more than just butterflies. Niiiiiiiiiice assortment of grasses. The Poa palustris is the only one you've got on your list that might be a hair puller to get going since it's a wetlands species. Are you gonna buy these as plants or plugs?
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Old 03-24-2010, 08:39 PM   #56
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Plugs. I can get some locally or I'll get from a mail order nursery. Bidens and others I have to start from seed.

I have a couple of places to put the plants. A wind break outside the fenced yard (50X12 ft) and a flower bed in the backyard (55X10 ft). Unfortunately the bed is weedy now and I'm not sure how to start the project. I know its too early and wet to physical to any thing. I like to have a plan.

I plan on using landscape timbers to keep the lawn out of the bed or vise versa. And put some of the aggressive plants in buried bottomless containers.
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Old 03-28-2010, 10:02 PM   #57
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Would you consider burying the weeds? Perhaps trying layers of cardboard followed by compost before planting your plugs?
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Old 04-05-2010, 10:08 AM   #58
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I've got some more time to work on this project now, so I'll start working on the native nectar plants.
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Old 04-14-2010, 12:56 AM   #59
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Default 5. Native Nectar Plants for Butterflies

Putting together the list of "favorite" native nectar plants has been an interesting experience. I put favorite in quotations because there really are lot of "it depends" involved.

Some of the "it depends" are related to the differences in geographic location. Some butterfly species are wide spread across the US, but the plants they use to nectar are naturally going to vary somewhat from area to area as ecosystems change from region to region. So when looking for nectar plants, look for those that have been documented as favorites in your area.

After going through many books and websites, another thing that often gets overlooked is that most adult butterflies are relatively short lived. Some only exist in their adult form for a week or two. There may be one brood per season or multiple broods per season. This creates highs and lows in the numbers of any particular species of butterfly that are present at any given time. So their "favorite" nectar plants are going to depend a lot on what is in bloom at the time they are present in the adult stage.

Another important factor is the habitat that a species of butterfly prefers. If a butterfly's host plant is a bog species, and the butterfly spends most if its time in a bog habitat, you're probably going to find that their favorite nectar plant is -- wait for it, -- a bog plant!

So with those kinds of things in mind, I don't know if I would call this a "favorite" nectar plant list. What it is is a list of native plants that have been documented by several sources as being used by butterflies for nectaring. It has been weighted heavily towards field observations and other observations where it appeared that a lot of choices for nectar plants were available. It is also focused on Indiana, but it's usefulness should extend beyond Indiana's borders. If the plants listed are native to your state, it's likely that they would be good nectar sources for your area.

The plants are grouped by the month of the year that they are most likely to be in bloom in Indiana. Within each month, they are in no particular order. Bloom dates are going to vary from year to year, so this list should be looked at only as a general guide for bloom time. The important part is to select some plants from each month in order to achieve a continuous bloom.


Shrubs, Subshrubs, Vines

4 Prunus americana – American plum

5 Viburnum prunifolium – blackhaw
5 Viburnum opulus var. americanum (syn. Viburnum trilobum) – American cranberrybush
5 Viburnum nudum – possumhaw
5 Rhus aromatica – fragrant sumac
5 Viburnum lentago – nannyberry

6 Rosa blanda – smooth rose, early wild rose
6 Viburnum molle – softleaf arrowwood
6 Viburnum rafinesqueanum – downy arrowwood
6 Rosa setigera – climbing rose, Illinois rose
6 Viburnum recognitum – southern arrowwood
6 Viburnum acerifolium – mapleleaf viburnum
6 Viburnum dentatum – southern arrowwood

7 Rhus copallinum – winged sumac
7 Rosa palustris – swamp rose
7 Rosa carolina – Carolina rose, pasture rose
7 Rhus glabra – smooth sumac
7 Spiraea alba – white meadowsweet
7 Physocarpus opulifolius – common ninebark
7 Cephalanthus occidentalis – common buttonbush
7 Ceanothus americanus – New Jersey tea

8 Spiraea tomentosa – steeplebush


Forbs

5 Houstonia caerulea – azure bluet
5 Native Viola species
5 Vicia caroliniana – Carolina vetch
5 Fragaria virginiana – Virginia strawberry, wild strawberry

6 Baptisia australis - blue wild indigo
6 Echinacea pallida - pale purple coneflower
6 Asclepias purpurascens – purple milkweed
6 Lupinus perennis – sundial lupine, wild lupine
6 Phlox pilosa – downy phlox, prairie phlox

7 Houstonia purpurea – Venus' pride
7 Houstonia longifolia – longleaf summer bluet
7 Heliopsis helianthoides – smooth oxeye, early sunflower
7 Bidens cernua – nodding beggartick
7 Asclepias sullivantii – prairie milkweed
7 Asclepias hirtella – green milkweed
7 Pycnanthemum verticillatum – whorled mountainmint
7 Pycnanthemum tenuifolium – narrowleaf mountainmint
7 Asclepias syriaca – common milkweed
7 Asclepias tuberosa - butterfly milkweed
7 Eupatoriadelphus maculatus (syn Eupatorium maculatum) – spotted trumpetweed, spotted joe pye weed
7 Rudbeckia hirta – blackeyed Susan
7 Silphium laciniatum – compassplant
7 Verbena stricta – hoary verbena, hoary vervain
7 Apocynum cannabinum – Indianhemp
7 Asclepias incarnata – swamp milkweed
7 Apocynum androsaemifolium – spreading dogbane
7 Desmodium canadense – showy ticktrefoil
7 Pycnanthemum virginianum – Virginia mountainmint
7 Cirsium muticum – swamp thistle

8 Eupatorium sessilifolium – upland boneset
8 Verbena hastata – swamp verbena, blue vervain
8 Asclepias verticillata – whorled milkweed
8 Monarda fistulosa - wild bergamot
8 Echinacea purpurea – eastern purple coneflower
8 Eupatorium purpureum – sweetscented joe pye weed
8 Liatris pycnostachya – prairie blazing star
8 Liatris cylindracea – Ontario blazing star, dwarf blazing star
8 Liatris squarrosa – scaly blazing star
8 Liatris aspera – tall blazing star, button blazing star
8 Silphium integrifolium – wholeleaf rosinweed
8 Rudbeckia laciniata – cutleaf coneflower
8 Silphium perfoliatum – cup plant
8 Silphium terebinthinaceum – prairie rosinweed
8 Silphium trifoliatum – whorled rosinweed
8 Eupatorium perfoliatum – common boneset
8 Vernonia missurica – Missouri ironweed
8 Vernonia fasciculata – prairie ironweed
8 Rudbeckia fulgida – orange coneflower
8 Cirsium altissimum – tall thistle, wood thistle
8 Cirsium discolor – field thistle, prairie thistle

9 Vernonia gigantea – giant ironweed
9 Native Aster species
9 Native Symphyotrichum species (formerly native Aster species)
9 Rudbeckia subtomentosa – sweet coneflower
9 Oligoneuron rigidum (syn Solidago rigidum) – stiff goldenrod
9 Solidago speciosa – showy goldenrod
9 Solidago nemoralis – gray goldenrod
9 Rudbeckia triloba – browneyed Susan
9 Eupatorium altissimum – tall thoroughwort, tall boneset
9 Helenium autumnale – common sneezeweed
9 Eupatorium serotinum – lateflowering thoroughwort, late boneset
9 Native Bidens species
9 Helenium flexuosum – purplehead sneezeweed
9 Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (syn Aster novae-angliae) – New England aster

...
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Old 04-19-2010, 02:07 PM   #60
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The listing of native nectaring plants is beyond impressive.

Good job NEWisc.
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