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Old 03-12-2010, 03:39 PM   #41
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Grasses
Agrostis hyemalis – winter bentgrass
Andropogon gerardii – big bluestem
Elymus canadensis – Canada wildrye
Elymus riparius – riverbank wildrye
Elymus virginicus – Virginia wildrye
Panicum virgatum – switchgrass
Poa palustris – fowl bluegrass
Schizachyrium scoparium – little bluestem
Tridens flavus – purpletop tridens
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Old 03-12-2010, 05:19 PM   #42
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some interesting moths
Species Detail | Butterflies and Moths of North America
http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/species?l=5694&chosen_state=18*Indiana
http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/species?l=3437&chosen_state=18*Indiana



http://www.wildflower.org/collection...lection=bamona
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Good site for host plants. Inter your state, sun and moister levels. Even color and bloom time options.
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Old 03-15-2010, 03:37 PM   #43
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Default 4. Native Host Plants for Milkweed's Butterfly Garden cont'd


Blues (Polyommatinae)


Eastern Tailed-Blue (Cupido comyntas) (Everes comyntas)
Astragalus canadensis – Canadian milkvetch
Desmodium species (see Silver-spotted Skipper)
Lathyrus palustris – marsh pea
Lathyrus venosus – veiny pea
Lespedeza capitata – roundhead lespedeza
Lespedeza frutescens – shrubby lespedeza
Lespedeza hirta – hairy lespedeza
Lespedeza procumbens – trailing lespedeza
Lespedeza repens – creeping lespedeza
Lespedeza violacea – violet lespedeza
Lespedeza virginica – slender lespedeza
Lotus unifoliolatus – American bird's-foot trefoil
Lupinus perennis – sundial lupine
Trifolium reflexum – buffalo clover
Vicia americana ssp. americana – American vetch
Vicia caroliniana – Carolina vetch


Spring Azure (Celastrina "ladon") (C. ladon ladon) (C. ladon lucia)
Cornus alternifolia – alternateleaf dogwood
Cornus amomum – silky dogwood
Cornus drummondii – roughleaf dogwood
Cornus florida – flowering dogwood
Cornus obliqua – silky dogwood
Cornus racemosa – gray dogwood
Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood
Lonicera canadensis – American fly honeysuckle
Lonicera dioica – limber honeysuckle
Lonicera reticulata – grape honeysuckle
Lonicera sempervirens – trumpet honeysuckle
Prunus species - plum, cherry, sandcherry, chokecherry
Rhamnus lanceolata – lanceleaf buckthorn
Viburnum acerifolium – mapleleaf viburnum
Viburnum dentatum – southern arrowwood
Viburnum lentago – nannyberry
Viburnum molle – softleaf arrowwood
Viburnum nudum – possumhaw
Viburnum opulus var. americanum (syn. Viburnum trilobum) – American cranberrybush
Viburnum prunifolium – blackhaw
Viburnum rafinesqueanum – downy arrowwood
Viburnum recognitum – southern arrowwood
Vaccinium angustifolium – lowbush blueberry
Vaccinium corymbosum – highbush blueberry
Vaccinium macrocarpon – cranberry
Vaccinium pallidum – Blue Ridge blueberry
Vaccinium stamineum – deerberry


Summer Azure (Celastrina neglecta)
Actaea pachypoda – white baneberry
Actaea racemosa – black baneberry
Actaea rubra – red baneberry
Agastache nepetoides – yellow giant hyssop
Agastache scrophulariifolia – purple giant hyssop
Aralia nudicaulis – wild sarsaparilla
Aralia racemosa – American spikenard
Ceanothus americanus – New Jersey tea
Ceanothus herbaceus – Jersey tea
Collinsonia canadensis – richweed
Cornus alternifolia – alternateleaf dogwood
Cornus amomum – silky dogwood
Cornus drummondii – roughleaf dogwood
Cornus florida – flowering dogwood
Cornus obliqua – silky dogwood
Cornus racemosa – gray dogwood
Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood
Eupatorium altissimum – tall thoroughwort
Eupatorium perfoliatum – common boneset
Eupatorium purpureum – sweetscented joe pye weed
Eupatorium serotinum – lateflowering thoroughwort
Eupatorium sessilifolium – upland boneset
Humulus lupulus var. lupuloides – common hop
Humulus lupulus var. pubescens – common hop
Lupinus perennis – sundial lupine
Rhus aromatica – fragrant sumac
Rhus copallinum – winged sumac
Rhus glabra – smooth sumac
Rhus typhina – staghorn sumac
Spiraea alba – white meadowsweet
Spiraea tomentosa – steeplebush
Verbesina alternifolia – wingstem
Verbesina helianthoides – gravelweed
Viburnum acerifolium – mapleleaf viburnum
Viburnum dentatum – southern arrowwood
Viburnum lentago – nannyberry
Viburnum molle – softleaf arrowwood
Viburnum nudum – possumhaw
Viburnum opulus var. americanum (syn. Viburnum trilobum) – American cranberrybush
Viburnum prunifolium – blackhaw
Viburnum rafinesqueanum – downy arrowwood
Viburnum recognitum – southern arrowwood


Snouts (Libytheinae)

American Snout (Libytheana carinenta)
Celtis occidentalis – common hackberry
Symphoricarpos albus – common snowberry
Symphoricarpos occidentalis – western snowberry
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus – coralberry

...
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Old 03-15-2010, 03:58 PM   #44
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Default 4. Native Host Plants for Milkweed's Butterfly Garden cont'd


Milkweed Butterflies (Danainae)


Monarch (Danaus plexippus)
Asclepias amplexicaulis – clasping milkweed
Asclepias exaltata – poke milkweed
Asclepias hirtella – green milkweed
Asclepias incarnata – swamp milkweed
Asclepias purpurascens – purple milkweed
Asclepias quadrifolia – fourleaf milkweed
Asclepias sullivantii – prairie milkweed
Asclepias syriaca – common milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa – butterfly milkweed
Asclepias verticillata – whorled milkweed
Asclepias viridiflora – green comet milkweed
Cynanchum laeve – honeyvine

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Caution: The two species of Cynanchum below are invasive species. Monarchs will lay eggs on them, but the caterpillars will die:
BioOne Online Journals - Monarch Butterfly Oviposition on Swallow-Worts (Vincetoxicum spp.)

If you use Cynanchum species for host plants, be sure that you do not use these two species. If these two species are present in your area, try to eradicate them. They could become a serious threat to monarch populations.

Cynanchum louiseae (syn. Vincetoxicum nigrum) – Louise's swallow-wort
Cynanchum rossicum (syn. Vincetoxicum rossicum) – European/pale swallow-wort
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Queen (Danaus gilippus)

Asclepias amplexicaulis – clasping milkweed
Asclepias exaltata – poke milkweed
Asclepias hirtella – green milkweed
Asclepias incarnata – swamp milkweed
Asclepias purpurascens – purple milkweed
Asclepias quadrifolia – fourleaf milkweed
Asclepias sullivantii – prairie milkweed
Asclepias syriaca – common milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa – butterfly milkweed
Asclepias verticillata – whorled milkweed
Asclepias viridiflora – green comet milkweed
Cynanchum laeve – honeyvine


Longwings (Heliconiinae)

Variegated Fritillary (Euptoieta claudia)

Ipomoea lacunosa – whitestar
Ipomoea pandurata – man of the earth
Linum medium – stiff yellow flax
Linum striatum – ridged yellow flax
Linum sulcatum – grooved flax
Linum virginianum – woodland flax
Passiflora lutea – yellow passionflower
Phaseolus polystachios – thicket bean
Plantago aristata – largebracted plantain
Plantago cordata – heartleaf plantain
Plantago patagonica – woolly plantain
Plantago rugelii – blackseed plantain
Plantago virginica – Virginia plantain
Podophyllum peltatum – mayapple
Sedum ternatum – woodland stonecrop
Stachys pilosa – hairy hedgenettle
Viola affinis – sand violet
Viola bicolor – field pansy
Viola blanda – sweet white violet
Viola canadensis var. canadensis – Canadian white violet
Viola cucullata – marsh blue violet
Viola lanceolata ssp. lanceolata – bog white violet
Viola macloskeyi ssp. pallens – smooth white violet
Viola missouriensis – Missouri violet
Viola pedata – birdfoot violet
Viola pedatifida – prairie violet
Viola pubescens – downy yellow violet
Viola rostrata – longspur violet
Viola sagittata – arrowleaf violet
Viola sororia – common blue violet
Viola striata – striped cream violet
Viola triloba – three-lobe violet


Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele)

Viola bicolor – field pansy
Viola blanda – sweet white violet
Viola canadensis var. canadensis – Canadian white violet
Viola cucullata – marsh blue violet
Viola lanceolata ssp. lanceolata – bog white violet
Viola macloskeyi ssp. pallens – smooth white violet
Viola missouriensis – Missouri violet
Viola pedata – birdfoot violet
Viola pedatifida – prairie violet
Viola pubescens – downy yellow violet
Viola rostrata – longspur violet
Viola sagittata – arrowleaf violet
Viola sororia – common blue violet
Viola striata – striped cream violet
Viola triloba – three-lobe violet


Regal Fritillary (Speyeria idalia)
Viola species (see Great Spangled Fritillary)


Atlantis Fritillary (Speyeria atlantis)
Viola species (see Great Spangled Fritillary)


Silver-bordered Fritillary (Boloria selene)
Viola species (see Great Spangled Fritillary)


Meadow Fritillary (Boloria bellona)
Viola species (see Great Spangled Fritillary)

...
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Old 03-18-2010, 01:49 AM   #45
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Default 4. Native Host Plants for Milkweed's Butterfly Garden cont'd


True Brushfoots (Nymphalinae)


Silvery Checkerspot (Chlosyne nycteis)
Conyza canadensis var. canadensis Canadian horseweed
Conyza ramosissima dwarf horseweed
Doellingeria umbellata parasol whitetop
Helianthus annuus common sunflower
Helianthus decapetalus thinleaf sunflower
Helianthus divaricatus woodland sunflower
Helianthus giganteus giant sunflower
Helianthus grosseserratus sawtooth sunflower
Helianthus hirsutus hairy sunflower
Helianthus maximiliani Maximilian sunflower
Helianthus microcephalus small woodland sunflower
Helianthus mollis ashy sunflower
Helianthus occidentalis ssp. occidentalis fewleaf sunflower
Helianthus pauciflorus stiff sunflower
Helianthus petiolaris ssp. petiolaris prairie sunflower
Helianthus strumosus paleleaf woodland sunflower
Helianthus tuberosus Jerusalem artichoke
Rudbeckia fulgida orange coneflower
Rudbeckia hirta blackeyed Susan
Rudbeckia laciniata cutleaf coneflower
Rudbeckia subtomentosa sweet coneflower
Rudbeckia triloba browneyed Susan
Solidago altissima Canada goldenrod
Solidago bicolor white goldenrod
Solidago caesia wreath goldenrod
Solidago canadensis Canada goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis zigzag goldenrod
Solidago gigantea giant goldenrod
Solidago hispida hairy goldenrod
Solidago juncea early goldenrod
Solidago nemoralis gray goldenrod
Solidago patula roundleaf goldenrod
Solidago rugosa wrinkleleaf goldenrod
Solidago speciosa showy goldenrod
Solidago uliginosa bog goldenrod
Solidago ulmifolia elmleaf goldenrod
Verbesina alternifolia wingstem
Verbesina helianthoides gravelweed


Harris' Checkerspot (Chlosyne harrisii)

Doellingeria umbellata parasol whitetop
Solidago altissima Canada goldenrod
Solidago bicolor white goldenrod
Solidago caesia wreath goldenrod
Solidago canadensis Canada goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis zigzag goldenrod
Solidago gigantea giant goldenrod
Solidago hispida hairy goldenrod
Solidago juncea early goldenrod
Solidago nemoralis gray goldenrod
Solidago patula roundleaf goldenrod
Solidago rugosa wrinkleleaf goldenrod
Solidago speciosa showy goldenrod
Solidago uliginosa bog goldenrod
Solidago ulmifolia elmleaf goldenrod
Verbesina alternifolia wingstem
Verbesina helianthoides gravelweed


Pearl Crescent (Phyciodes tharos)
Doellingeria umbellata parasol whitetop
Erigeron annuus eastern daisy fleabane
Erigeron philadelphicus Philadelphia fleabane
Erigeron strigosus var. strigosus prairie fleabane
Verbesina alternifolia wingstem
Verbesina helianthoides gravelweed


Tawny Crescent (Phyciodes batesii)
Doellingeria umbellata parasol whitetop
Symphyotrichum lanceolatum white panicle aster
Symphyotrichum undulatum wavyleaf aster


Baltimore (Euphydryas phaeton)
Agalinis auriculata earleaf false foxglove
Agalinis gattingeri roundstem false foxglove
Agalinis paupercula smallflower false foxglove
Agalinis purpurea purple false foxglove
Agalinis skinneriana Skinner's false foxglove
Aureolaria flava smooth yellow false foxglove
Aureolaria pedicularia fernleaf yellow false foxglove
Aureolaria virginica downy yellow false foxglove
Chelone glabra white turtlehead
Chelone obliqua red turtlehead
Dasistoma macrophylla mullein foxglove
Fraxinus species - ash
Lonicera canadensis American fly honeysuckle
Lonicera dioica limber honeysuckle
Lonicera reticulata grape honeysuckle
Lonicera sempervirens trumpet honeysuckle
Mimulus alatus sharpwing monkeyflower
Mimulus ringens Allegheny monkeyflower
Pedicularis canadensis Canadian lousewort
Pedicularis lanceolata swamp lousewort
Penstemon calycosus longsepal beardtongue
Penstemon canescens eastern gray beardtongue
Penstemon digitalis talus slope penstemon
Penstemon hirsutus hairy beardtongue
Penstemon pallidus pale beardtongue
Plantago aristata largebracted plantain
Plantago cordata heartleaf plantain
Plantago patagonica woolly plantain
Plantago rugelii blackseed plantain
Plantago virginica Virginia plantain
Scrophularia lanceolata lanceleaf figwort
Scrophularia marilandica carpenter's square
Solidago altissima Canada goldenrod
Solidago bicolor white goldenrod
Solidago caesia wreath goldenrod
Solidago canadensis Canada goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis zigzag goldenrod
Solidago gigantea giant goldenrod
Solidago hispida hairy goldenrod
Solidago juncea early goldenrod
Solidago nemoralis gray goldenrod
Solidago patula roundleaf goldenrod
Solidago rugosa wrinkleleaf goldenrod
Solidago speciosa showy goldenrod
Solidago uliginosa bog goldenrod
Solidago ulmifolia elmleaf goldenrod
Symphoricarpos albus common snowberry
Symphoricarpos occidentalis western snowberry
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus coralberry
Valerianella umbilicata navel cornsalad
Verbesina alternifolia wingstem
Verbesina helianthoides gravelweed
Veronica americana American speedwell
Veronica anagallis-aquatica water speedwell
Veronica peregrina neckweed
Veronica serpyllifolia thymeleaf speedwell
Viburnum acerifolium mapleleaf viburnum
Viburnum dentatum southern arrowwood
Viburnum lentago nannyberry
Viburnum molle softleaf arrowwood
Viburnum nudum possumhaw
Viburnum opulus var. americanum (syn. Viburnum trilobum) American cranberrybush
Viburnum prunifolium blackhaw
Viburnum rafinesqueanum downy arrowwood
Viburnum recognitum southern arrowwood
Wisteria frutescens American wisteria


Common Buckeye (Junonia coenia)

Agalinis auriculata earleaf false foxglove
Agalinis gattingeri roundstem false foxglove
Agalinis paupercula smallflower false foxglove
Agalinis purpurea purple false foxglove
Agalinis skinneriana Skinner's false foxglove
Aureolaria flava smooth yellow false foxglove
Aureolaria pedicularia fernleaf yellow false foxglove
Aureolaria virginica downy yellow false foxglove
Buchnera americana American bluehearts
Castilleja coccinea scarlet Indian paintbrush
Mimulus alatus sharpwing monkeyflower
Mimulus ringens Allegheny monkeyflower
Penstemon calycosus longsepal beardtongue
Penstemon canescens eastern gray beardtongue
Penstemon digitalis talus slope penstemon
Penstemon hirsutus hairy beardtongue
Penstemon pallidus pale beardtongue
Phyla lanceolata lanceleaf fogfruit
Plantago aristata largebracted plantain
Plantago cordata heartleaf plantain
Plantago patagonica woolly plantain
Plantago rugelii blackseed plantain
Plantago virginica Virginia plantain
Ruellia caroliniensis Carolina wild petunia
Ruellia humilis fringeleaf wild petunia
Ruellia strepens limestone wild petunia
Sedum ternatum woodland stonecrop
Veronica anagallis-aquatica water speedwell
Veronica peregrina neckweed
Veronica serpyllifolia thymeleaf speedwell
Verbena bracteata bigbract verbena
Verbena hastata swamp verbena
Verbena simplex narrowleaf vervain
Verbena stricta hoary verbena
Verbena urticifolia white vervain

...
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Old 03-19-2010, 12:42 AM   #46
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Default 4. Native Host Plants for Milkweed's Butterfly Garden cont'd


Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta)

Boehmeria cylindrica smallspike false nettle
Humulus lupulus var. lupuloides common hop
Humulus lupulus var. pubescens common hop
Laportea canadensis Canadian woodnettle
Parietaria pensylvanica Pennsylvania pellitory
Urtica dioica L. ssp. gracilis California nettle


Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui)
Anaphalis margaritacea western pearly everlasting
Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana white sagebrush
Cirsium altissimum tall thistle, wood thistle
Cirsium discolor field thistle, prairie thistle
Cirsium muticum swamp thistle
Helianthus annuus common sunflower
Helianthus decapetalus thinleaf sunflower
Helianthus divaricatus woodland sunflower
Helianthus giganteus giant sunflower
Helianthus grosseserratus sawtooth sunflower
Helianthus hirsutus hairy sunflower
Helianthus maximiliani Maximilian sunflower
Helianthus microcephalus small woodland sunflower
Helianthus mollis ashy sunflower
Helianthus occidentalis ssp. occidentalis fewleaf sunflower
Helianthus pauciflorus stiff sunflower
Helianthus petiolaris ssp. petiolaris prairie sunflower
Helianthus strumosus paleleaf woodland sunflower
Helianthus tuberosus Jerusalem artichoke
Lupinus perennis sundial lupine
Plantago aristata largebracted plantain
Plantago cordata heartleaf plantain
Plantago patagonica woolly plantain
Plantago rugelii blackseed plantain
Plantago virginica Virginia plantain
Ulmus species - Elm species
Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis California nettle


American Lady (Vanessa virginiensis)
Anaphalis margaritacea western pearly everlasting
Antennaria howellii Howell's pussytoes
Antennaria neglecta field pussytoes
Antennaria parlinii Parlin's pussytoes
Antennaria plantaginifolia woman's tobacco
Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana white sagebrush
Diospyros virginiana common persimmon
Gamochaeta purpurea spoonleaf purple everlasting
Myosotis verna spring forget-me-not
Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium (syn. Gnaphalium obtusifolium) rabbit-tobacco, fragrant cudweed, sweet everlasting

...
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Old 03-20-2010, 12:13 AM   #47
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Default 4. Native Host Plants for Milkweed's Butterfly Garden cont'd


Admirals and Relatives (Limenitidinae)


'Astyanax' Red-spotted Purple (Limenitis arthemis astyanax) (Basilarchia arthemis astyanax)
Gaylussacia baccata black huckleberry
Populus species - cottonwood, poplar, aspen
Prunus species - plum, cherry, sandcherry, chokecherry
Quercus species - oak
Vaccinium angustifolium lowbush blueberry
Vaccinium corymbosum highbush blueberry
Vaccinium macrocarpon cranberry
Vaccinium pallidum Blue Ridge blueberry
Vaccinium stamineum deerberry
Salix species - willow


Leafwings (Charaxinae)

Goatweed Leafwing (Anaea andria)

Croton capitatus hogwort
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis vente conmigo
Croton monanthogynus prairie tea


Emperors (Apaturinae)

Hackberry Emperor (Asterocampa celtis)
Celtis occidentalis common hackberry


Tawny Emperor (Asterocampa clyton)
Celtis occidentalis common hackberry


Satyrs and Wood-Nymphs (Satyrinae)

Northern Pearly Eye (Enodia anthedon)
Brachyelytrum erectum bearded shorthusk
Chasmanthium latifolium Indian woodoats
Elymus canadensis Canada wildrye
Elymus hystrix eastern bottlebrush grass
Elymus riparius riverbank wildrye
Elymus submuticus Virginia wildrye
Elymus trachycaulus slender wheatgrass
Elymus villosus hairy wildrye
Elymus virginicus Virginia wildrye
Leersia lenticularis catchfly grass
Leersia oryzoides rice cutgrass
Leersia virginica whitegrass
Panicum capillare witchgrass
Panicum dichotomiflorum fall panicgrass
Panicum flexile wiry panicgrass
Panicum gattingeri Gattinger's panicgrass
Panicum philadelphicum Philadelphia panicgrass
Panicum rigidulum redtop panicgrass
Panicum virgatum switchgrass


Eyed Brown (Satyrodes eurydice)

Carex stricta upright sedge
Carex lupulina hop sedge
Carex bromoides brome-like sedge
Carex trichocarpa hairyfruit sedge
Scirpus cyperinus woolgrass


Little Wood Satyr (Megisto cymela)
Poa pratensis Kentucky bluegrass
Poa saltuensis oldpasture bluegrass
Poa sylvestris woodland bluegrass
Poa wolfii Wolf's bluegrass


Common Wood Nymph (Cercyonis pegala)
Andropogon gerardii big bluestem
Andropogon virginicus broomsedge bluestem
Poa pratensis Kentucky bluegrass
Poa saltuensis oldpasture bluegrass
Poa sylvestris woodland bluegrass
Poa wolfii Wolf's bluegrass
Tridens flavus purpletop tridens

...
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Old 03-20-2010, 12:17 AM   #48
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This thread just gets better and better.... Is there any way to separate this information out on its own so it is easier to find, "The two species of Cynanchum below are invasive species. Monarchs will lay eggs on them, but the caterpillars will die:
BioOne Online Journals - Monarch Butterfly Oviposition on Swallow-Worts (Vincetoxicum spp.)" Most of the people I've mentioned this to before had no idea.
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Old 03-20-2010, 04:00 PM   #49
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Equilibrium View Post
This thread just gets better and better.... Is there any way to separate this information out on its own so it is easier to find, "The two species of Cynanchum below are invasive species. Monarchs will lay eggs on them, but the caterpillars will die:
BioOne Online Journals - Monarch Butterfly Oviposition on Swallow-Worts (Vincetoxicum spp.)" Most of the people I've mentioned this to before had no idea.
I posted a new thread here:
http://www.wildlifegardeners.org/for...html#post61881
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Old 03-20-2010, 04:09 PM   #50
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Default 4. Some Host Plants for a Few Selected Moths


Buck and Io Moths (Hemileucinae)


Io moth (Automeris io)
Ilex verticillata – common winterberry
Juglans cinerea – butternut
Juglans nigra – black walnut
Lespedeza capitata – roundhead lespedeza
Lespedeza frutescens – shrubby lespedeza
Lespedeza hirta – hairy lespedeza
Lespedeza procumbens – trailing lespedeza
Lespedeza repens – creeping lespedeza
Lespedeza violacea – violet lespedeza
Lespedeza virginica – slender lespedeza
Liriodendron tulipifera – tuliptree
Lythrum alatum var. alatum – winged lythrum
Malus coronaria – sweet crab apple
Malus ioensis var. ioensis – prairie crab apple
Morus rubra var. rubra – red mulberry
Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana – hophornbeam, ironwood
Phaseolus polystachios – thicket bean
Physocarpus opulifolius – common ninebark
Platanus occidentalis – American sycamore
Populus species - cottonwood, poplar, aspen
Prunus species - plum, cherry, sandcherry, chokecherry
Quercus species - oak
Salix species - willow
Sassafras albidum – sassafras
Spiraea alba – white meadowsweet
Spiraea tomentosa – steeplebush
Symphoricarpos albus – common snowberry
Symphoricarpos occidentalis – western snowberry
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus – coralberry
Tilia americana – American basswood
Ulmus species - Elm
Viburnum acerifolium – mapleleaf viburnum
Viburnum dentatum – southern arrowwood
Viburnum lentago – nannyberry
Viburnum molle – softleaf arrowwood
Viburnum nudum – possumhaw
Viburnum opulus var. americanum (syn. Viburnum trilobum) – American cranberrybush
Viburnum prunifolium – blackhaw
Viburnum rafinesqueanum – downy arrowwood
Viburnum recognitum – southern arrowwood
Wisteria frutescens – American wisteria


Giant Silkworm Moths (Saturniinae)

Polyphemus moth (Antheraea polyphemus)
Aesculus glabra var. glabra – Ohio buckeye
Acer species - maple
Alnus species - alder
Amelanchier arborea – common serviceberry
Amelanchier laevis – Allegheny serviceberry
Amelanchier sanguinea – roundleaf serviceberry
Amelanchier stolonifera – running serviceberry
Baptisia alba – white wild indigo
Baptisia australis – blue wild indigo
Baptisia bracteata – longbract wild indigo
Baptisia tinctoria – horseflyweed
Betula species - birch
Carpinus caroliniana – American hornbeam
Carya species - hickory
Castanea dentata – American chestnut
Cornus alternifolia – alternateleaf dogwood
Cornus amomum – silky dogwood
Cornus drummondii – roughleaf dogwood
Cornus florida – flowering dogwood
Cornus obliqua – silky dogwood
Cornus racemosa – gray dogwood
Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood
Populus species - cottonwood, poplar, aspen
Prunus species - plum, cherry, sandcherry, chokecherry
Quercus species - oak
Salix species - willow
Sassafras albidum – sassafras
Vaccinium angustifolium – lowbush blueberry
Vaccinium corymbosum – highbush blueberry
Vaccinium macrocarpon – cranberry
Vaccinium pallidum – Blue Ridge blueberry
Vaccinium stamineum – deerberry
Vitis aestivalis – summer grape
Vitis cinerea – graybark grape
Vitis labrusca L. – fox grape
Vitis riparia – riverbank grape
Vitis vulpina – frost grape
And several other native trees


Cecropia silkmoth (Hyalophora cecropia)
Many, many native trees and shrubs (see Polyphemus moth host plants for a partial list of them)


Sphinx Moths, Hawkmoths (Sphingidae)

Sphinginae (Sphinginae)

Waved sphinx (Ceratomia undulosa)
Campsis radicans – trumpet creeper
Crataegus species - hawthorn
Quercus species - oak
Fraxinus species - ash
Robinia viscosa – clammy locust


Hermit sphinx (Sphinx eremitus)
Hedeoma hispida – rough false pennyroyal
Hedeoma pulegioides – American false pennyroyal
Lycopus americanus – American water horehound
Lycopus rubellus – taperleaf water horehound
Lycopus uniflorus – northern bugleweed
Lycopus virginicus – Virginia water horehound
Mentha arvensis – wild mint
Monarda clinopodia – white bergamot
Monarda didyma – scarlet beebalm
Monarda fistulosa – wild bergamot
Monarda punctata – spotted beebalm
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium – narrowleaf mountainmint
Pycnanthemum verticillatum – whorled mountainmint
Pycnanthemum virginianum – Virginia mountainmint
Salvia azurea – azure blue sage
Salvia reflexa – lanceleaf sage


Macroglossinae (Macroglossinae)

Snowberry clearwing (Hemaris diffinis)
Apocynum androsaemifolium – spreading dogbane
Apocynum cannabinum – Indianhemp
Diervilla lonicera – northern bush honeysuckle
Lonicera canadensis – American fly honeysuckle
Lonicera dioica – limber honeysuckle
Lonicera reticulata – grape honeysuckle
Lonicera sempervirens – trumpet honeysuckle
Symphoricarpos albus – common snowberry
Symphoricarpos occidentalis – western snowberry
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus – coralberry
Triosteum aurantiacum – orangefruit horse-gentian
Triosteum perfoliatum – feverwort
Vaccinium angustifolium – lowbush blueberry
Vaccinium corymbosum – highbush blueberry
Vaccinium macrocarpon – cranberry
Vaccinium pallidum – Blue Ridge blueberry
Vaccinium stamineum – deerberry
Viburnum acerifolium – mapleleaf viburnum
Viburnum dentatum – southern arrowwood
Viburnum lentago – nannyberry
Viburnum molle – softleaf arrowwood
Viburnum nudum – possumhaw
Viburnum opulus var. americanum (syn. Viburnum trilobum) – American cranberrybush
Viburnum prunifolium – blackhaw
Viburnum rafinesqueanum – downy arrowwood
Viburnum recognitum – southern arrowwood


Hummingbird clearwing (Hemaris thysbe)
Crataegus species - hawthorn
Lonicera canadensis – American fly honeysuckle
Lonicera dioica – limber honeysuckle
Lonicera reticulata – grape honeysuckle
Lonicera sempervirens – trumpet honeysuckle
Prunus species - plum, cherry, sandcherry, chokecherry
Symphoricarpos albus – common snowberry
Symphoricarpos occidentalis – western snowberry
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus – coralberry
Viburnum dentatum – southern arrowwood
Viburnum lentago – nannyberry
Viburnum molle – softleaf arrowwood
Viburnum nudum – possumhaw
Viburnum opulus var. americanum (syn. Viburnum trilobum) – American cranberrybush
Viburnum prunifolium – blackhaw
Viburnum rafinesqueanum – downy arrowwood
Viburnum recognitum – southern arrowwood

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