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Cirsium 09-24-2013 10:28 PM

Beyond the Birds and the Bees
Beyond the Birds and the Bees
Effects of Neonicotinoid Insecticides on Agriculturally Important Beneficial Insects

The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation
By Jennifer Hopwood, Scott Hoffman Black, Mace Vaughan, and Eric Lee-Mäder.

Beyond the Birds and the Bees moves the spotlight from the risks neonicotinoids pose to bees to the impacts of neonicotinoids to invertebrates such as earthworms or lady beetles. The report provides a comprehensive review of published articles and pulls together the growing body of research that demonstrates risks from neonicotinoids to these beneficial insects. These risks occur particularly in agricultural systems, but are also found in urban and suburban ornamental landscapes.

This report details potential negative impacts of neonicotinoid insecticides on important beneficial insects. It also makes recommendations on how we can better protect important beneficials like beetles and wasps.

Some of the major findings of the report include:
  • Although neonicotinoids have been promoted as safer for beneficial insects than older insecticides, the balance of evidence suggests that neonicotinoids are generally harmful to a variety of beneficial insects.
  • ...


Based upon these findings, the report recommends that:
  • The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency should re-assess the ecological safety of currently approved neonicotinoids and immediately suspend registration of imidacloprid, clothianidin, thiamethoxam and dinotefuran for all applications where there is a risk to nontarget organisms.
  • ...

The Xerces Society Beyond the Birds and the Bees

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